The Firebombing of Tokyo PDF ePub eBook

Books Info:

The Firebombing of Tokyo free pdf *Includes pictures *Includes accounts of the firebombing by both Americans and Japanese civilians in Tokyo *Includes online resources and a bibliography for further reading *Includes a table of contents "Maj. Gen. Curtis E. LeMay, commander of the B-29s of the entire Marianas area, declared that if the war is shortened by a single day, the attack will have served its purpose." - The New York Times As American forces pushed the Japanese back across the Pacific from 1942-1944, their island-hopping campaign ultimately made it possible for the Air Force to conduct bombing runs over the Japanese mainland. The first serious air raids came in November 1944, after the Americans had captured the Marianas Islands, and through February 1945, American bombers concentrated on military targets at the fringes of the city, particularly air defenses. However, the air raids of March 1945, and particularly on the night of March 9, were a different story altogether. In what is generally referred to as strategic or area bombing, waves of bombers flew low over Tokyo for over two and a half hours, dropping incendiary bombs with the intention of producing a massive firestorm. The American raids intended to produce fires that would kill soldiers and civilians, as well as the munitions factories and apartment buildings of those who worked in them. 325 B-29s headed toward Tokyo, and nearly 300 of them dropped bombs on it, destroying more than 267,000 buildings and killing more than 83,000 people, making it the deadliest day of the war. The firebombing that night and morning left 25% of Tokyo charred, with the damage spread out over 20 miles of the metropolis. In fact, the damage was so extensive that casualty counts range by over 100,000. Additional raids, this time largely on the north and west, came in April, and in May, raids hit Ginza and the south. Altogether, American bombers flew more than 4,000 missions over Tokyo before surrender. The damage was spread widely, but it was worst in the low city, where some neighborhoods were virtually depopulated as survivors fled to the relative safety of the countryside. Honjo and Fukagawa each lost roughly 95% of their pre-raid populations. In 1940, Tokyo was a city of perhaps 6.8 million, but two years after the end of the war, when the population had already begun to increase again, it was still no more than 4.1 million. As with dropping the atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki, the firebombing of Tokyo has remained controversial since the end of World War II. Japan had wisely spread out its industrial facilities across Tokyo so that one concerted attack could not deal a severe blow to its military capabilities. However, by spreading everything out, as the Germans had also done, Allied planes hit targets in residential zones, greatly increasing the casualties. Thus, by destroying as much of Tokyo's wartime manufacturing as possible, the American air force also destroyed half the city. Of course, it's far easier with the advantage of hindsight for people to call the campaign disproportionate, especially since the bombing campaign came at a time when the United States still faced the dreadful prospect of invading Japan's mainland. In 2007, Japanese Prime Minister Abe Shinzo took responsibility for Japan's refusal to surrender when defeat was inevitable, thus placing the blame for the firebombing on Japan itself. Shinzo announced that Japan would financially compensate survivors and bereaved family members of those killed, and shortly after the announcement, 112 survivors filed a lawsuit seeking damages for damage done during the campaign. The Firebombing of Tokyo: The History of the U.S. Air Force's Most Controversial Bombing Campaign of World War II chronicles the background of the campaign, its destruction, and its notorious legacy. Along with pictures of important people, places, and events, you will learn about the firebombing of Tokyo like never before, in no time at all.

About Charles River Editors

Unfortunately, right now we simply cannot supply you with info on this Writer Charles River Editors. However does not mean we do not work to be with her series. Additionally we question you assist us within this subject. When you have free time and want may hugely get pleasure from if you give all of us your data. As soon as obtaining such suggestions and details via people in regards to the The Firebombing of Tokyo Manager Charles River Editors, all of us first the woman's check. The moment all of us be sure that many real, simply just publish that. We all understand why help and also thank you before hand.

Details Book

Author : Charles River Editors
Publisher : Createspace
Data Published : 22 June 2015
ISBN : 1514609045
EAN : 9781514609040
Format Book : PDF, Epub, DOCx, TXT
Number of Pages : 54 pages
Age + : 15 years
Language : English
Rating :

Reviews The Firebombing of Tokyo

17 Comments Add a comment

Related eBooks Download

  • Tokyo: A Spatial Anthropology free pdfTokyo: A Spatial Anthropology

    Tokyo: destroyed by the earthquake of 1923 and again by the firebombing of World War II. Does anything remain of the old city. The internationally known Japanese architectural historian Jinnai Hidenobu set out on foot to rediscover the city of Tokyo..

  • Fiber City - A Vision for the Shrinking Megacity, Tokyo 2050 [Bilingual free pdfFiber City - A Vision for the Shrinking Megacity, Tokyo 2050 [Bilingual

    In 2050. Tokyo. now the largest metropolis in the world. will be the first megacity in human history that experiences rapid decrease of population. and vast deterioration of infrastructure. as well as other local cities in Japan..

  • Tokyo Vice free pdfTokyo Vice

    From the only American journalist ever to have been admitted to the insular Tokyo Metropolitan Police press club: a unique. firsthand. revelatory look at Japanese culture from the underbelly up..

  • Tabloid Tokyo free pdfTabloid Tokyo

    In Tabloid Tokyo 2. the authors once again plunge into the pages of Japan's amazing weekly magazines to find more great stories that the Japanese are reading with unabashed gusto. Picking articles from the most outrageous new developments in the sex industry to the most poignant social commentary..

  • Tokyo Techno free pdfTokyo Techno

    Jason and Anita are recruited by the Secret World Adventure Team for a mission in Tokyo. where they learn a great deal about Japanese culture while looking for the man they are supposed to help debug a new computer game..

  • The Firebombing of Tokyo free pdfThe Firebombing of Tokyo

    . *Includes pictures *Includes accounts of the firebombing by both Americans and Japanese civilians in Tokyo *Includes online resources and a bibliography for further reading *Includes a table of cont