Age of the Renascence, Vol. 1 PDF ePub eBook

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Age of the Renascence, Vol. 1 free pdf Excerpt from Age of the Renascence, Vol. 1: Syllabus by Oliver Reynolds These tenants became vassals of the knights on condition of receiving protection in exchange for military service. Feudalism is described as "A connected series of greater and lesser land owners, the less dependent upon the greater, and all at least nominally dependent upon the king, the center and titular head of the hierarchy..." 2. The Church. The universal institution which kept alive in Europe a sense of unity. The power of the popes increased until the general councils were abolished and the popes became practically unrestricted. Corruption of the church followed this excessive power. Causes of corruption were: a) Papal taxes. All Europe paid taxes to the Pope and a vast amount of money poured into Rome. b) Right of provision and reservation. Pope suggested candidates for vacant offices and had the power to fill all vacancies caused by the death of members of the clergy in Rome. c) Right of appellation. Pope could summon any bishop or prelate to Rome. d) Right of conferring the pallium. The coat worn by the archbishops, who could not perform their duties till the pallium had been granted by the pope. e) Exemptions and dispensations. Made for money considerations. These privileges steadily increased the two evils of pluralism and simony. Pluralism means the holding of more than one office for the sake of revenue. Simony was the sale of church office. Pope Boniface VIII in 1302 issued the bull Unum Sanctum to claim the fullness of power of the papacy when Phillip IV of France denied his right to tax church lands in France. The pope retired to Anagni in 1303 where he died from the effect of an attack by mercenaries of Phillip IV. The French cardinals controlled the papal election. The removal of the papacy to Avignon marks the Babylonian Captivity (1307-1377). 3. Society. About the Publisher Forgotten Books publishes hundreds of thousands of rare and classic books. Find more at This book is a reproduction of an important historical work. Forgotten Books uses state-of-the-art technology to digitally reconstruct the work, preserving the original format whilst repairing imperfections present in the aged copy. In rare cases, an imperfection in the original, such as a blemish or missing page, may be replicated in our edition. We do, however, repair the vast majority of imperfections successfully- any imperfections that remain are intentionally left to preserve the state of such historical works.

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Details Book

Author : Van Dyke
Publisher : Forgotten Books
Data Published : 27 September 2015
ISBN : 1331066085
EAN : 9781331066088
Format Book : PDF, Epub, DOCx, TXT
Number of Pages : 26 pages
Age + : 15 years
Language : English
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  • Age of the Renascence, Vol. 1 free pdfAge of the Renascence, Vol. 1

    . Excerpt from Age of the Renascence, Vol. 1: Syllabus by Oliver Reynolds These tenants became vassals of the knights on condition of receiving protection in exchange for military service. Feudalism i