The Ethics Police? PDF ePub eBook

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The Ethics Police? free pdf Research on human beings saves countless lives, but has at times harmed the participants. To what degree then should government regulate science, and how? The horrors of Nazi concentration camp experiments and the egregious Tuskegee syphilis study led the US government, in 1974, to establish Research Ethics Committees, known as Institutional Review Boards (IRBs) to oversee research on humans. The US now has over 4,000 IRBs, which examine yearly tens of billions of dollars of research - all studies on people involving diseases, from cancer to autism, and behavior. Yet ethical violations persist. At the same time, critics have increasingly attacked these committees for delaying or blocking important studies. Partly, science is changing, and the current system has not kept up. Since the regulations were first conceived 40 years ago, research has burgeoned 30-fold. Studies often now include not a single university, but multiple institutions, and 40 separate IRBs thus need to approve a single project. One committee might approve a study quickly, while others require major changes, altering the scientific design, and making the comparison of data between sites difficult. Crucial dilemmas thus emerge of whether the current system should be changed, and if so, how. Yet we must first understand the status quo to know how to improve it. Unfortunately, these committees operate behind closed doors, and have received relatively little in-depth investigation. Robert Klitzman thus interviewed 45 IRB leaders and members about how they make decisions. What he heard consistently surprised him. This book reveals what Klitzman learned, providing rare glimpses into the conflicts and complexities these individuals face, defining science, assessing possible future risks and benefits of studies, and deciding how much to trust researchers - illuminating, more broadly, how we view and interpret ethics in our lives today, and perceive and use power. These committees reflect many of the most vital tensions of our time - concerning science and human values, individual freedom, government control, and industry greed. Ultimately, as patients, scientists, or subjects, the decisions of these men and women affect us all.

About Robert Klitzman

Robert Klitzman, MD, is a Professor of Clinical Psychiatry in the College of Physicians and Surgeons and the Joseph Mailman School of Public Health, and the Director of the Masters of Bioethics Program at Columbia University. He has conducted research and written about a variety of bioethical issues, and has authored or co-authored over 100 articles, and seven books, including Am I My Genes?: Confronting Fate and Family Secrets in the Age of Genetic Testing- When Doctors Become Patients- Mortal Secrets: Truth and Lies in the Age of AIDS- Being Positive- A Year-long Night: Tales of a Medical Internship- The Trembling Mountain: A Personal Account of Kuru, Cannibals, and Mad Cow Disease- and In a House of Dreams and Glass: Becoming a Psychiatrist. His work has appeared in JAMA, Science, and elsewhere, and also has written for the New York Times, Newsweek, The Nation, and other publications.

Details Book

Author : Robert Klitzman
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Data Published : 14 May 2015
ISBN : 0199364605
EAN : 9780199364602
Format Book : PDF, Epub, DOCx, TXT
Number of Pages : 432 pages
Age + : 15 years
Language : English
Rating :

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