Labour and the Arbitration ACT PDF ePub eBook

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Labour and the Arbitration ACT free pdf Excerpt from Labour and the Arbitration Act: Speech, Delivered at a Meeting of the Wellington Liberal and Labour Federation Held in Wellington on 17th June, 1908 One general result of its award rates of wages fixed as a minimum has been to make that wage the standard - at once the minimum and the maximum - with such discouraging effects upon the workers as I have already fully indicated. Now the Court must not and does not proceed by haphazard methods. What basis then for fixing wages has it mainly employed? Plainly not a competitive standard, for that would fix itself without the intervention of the Court by the market rate- and, moreover, the competitive standard was one which the Court was especially established to check. Equally plainly it cannot be a profit-sharing standard. This the Court has indeed expressly stated and declined, as it had to decline, to enter upon an inquiry as to the profits of all the employers as a basis of wages. Profit-Sharing Impracticable. Profit-sharing, indeed, as a method of industrial remuneration has been found illusory and unsatisfactory. I cannot now enter upon its history, but even under a voluntary system, where employer and workers have mutually agreed to a basis, it has broken down in countless cases after fair trial. A system under which - (a) The workers have no voice or control in the management- (b) In which a worker may work much harder and produce more, and yet, owing to the management in which he has no share, the business makes a loss and all the worker's extra efforts go unrewarded- (c) In which the industrial worker, however much or little he works, shares the profits but does not share the losses- (d) In which the idler workers share profits along with the most industrious and skilful- (e) In which there is no natural basis of division- (f) In which, if the whole increase of the profits is due to the increase and excellence of the workers' efforts, the employer still takes his share, and vice versa, where it is the employer's business ability alone which makes the profit, the workers take their share - A system under which these defects arise is doomed to failure. These are but a few of the objections even where the profit-sharing system is based upon voluntary arrangement, but ask yourselves how enormously increased the difficulties and objections would be if a profit-sharing system was forced on employers by an Arbitration Court -forced on 200 or 300 employers all making different rates of profit in the same trade. How could it be done? It is impossible. The essence of such success as it has had has been cordial co-operation between employers and employees, and yet except where the circumstances were special and both sides heartily united, it has been a failure. There are millions of business establishments in Great Britain and America, but how few have tried the system? To use the words of an article on this subject in the Encyclopedia of Social Reform - "Profit-sharing has been before the world fifty years. Largely tried, it has to-day only 108 firms in all the United States and Great Britain. Society demands a better remedy than that which has accomplished so little in fifty years, and that of doubtful good." And Schloss - a most sympathetic investigator - declares that "the radical defect of a method of industrial remuneration under which the reward of the servant's labour is made contingent upon the good or bad management of the business by his employer, and upon the hazards of commercial fortune, renders it difficult to admit, even with a great degree of reserve, the claim of those novel arrangements to have established a substantial improvement in the ordinary wage system." Wanted - A Wage Standard. What other wage standard, then, is open to the Arbitration Court? This brings us down to the bed-rock of the matter. Before I suggest the mos

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Details Book

Author : Findlay Findlay
Publisher : Forgotten Books
Data Published : 27 September 2015
ISBN : 1330607155
EAN : 9781330607152
Format Book : PDF, Epub, DOCx, TXT
Number of Pages : 26 pages
Age + : 15 years
Language : English
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  • Labour and the Arbitration ACT free pdfLabour and the Arbitration ACT

    . Excerpt from Labour and the Arbitration Act: Speech, Delivered at a Meeting of the Wellington Liberal and Labour Federation Held in Wellington on 17th June, 1908 One general result of its award rate