The Essex Antiquarian, Vol. 1 PDF ePub eBook

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The Essex Antiquarian, Vol. 1 free pdf Excerpt from The Essex Antiquarian, Vol. 1: A Monthly Magazine Devoted to the Biography, Genealogy, History and Antiquities of Essex County, Massachusetts Salem was settled by a class of men who were different in several respects from those of the other towns of the Massachusetts Bay colony. They were sea-faring, having been engaged in fishing at Cape Ann for five years. The maritime advantages of the situation of Salem undoubtedly attracted them thither, and resulted in the commercial activity of the town in later years. At the very beginning of Endicott's government here he was directed by the home company to send to England as return cargoes, "staves, sarsaparilla, sumack, sturgeon and other fish and breaver." The water of the harbor and rivers contained immense quantities of fish, and for more than a century they were the staple export, Winter island being the headquarters of the fish trade. Even as late as the present century, salmon swam the North river in such numbers that they constituted the main article of animal food of the dwellers on its banks- and the indentures of apprentices contained a clause providing that they should not be compelled to eat salmon, more than three times each week. About 1640, vessels were sailed to Antigua and Barbadoes, some of the Leeward Islands and the large islands of the West Indies, the Bermudas, Virginia and England- and in 1644 Josselyn wrote that in Salem there "are many rich merchants." Within the next twenty-five years, trade was extended to Spain, France and Holland. The great majority of vessels then engaged in commerce from Salem were ketches, measuring from twenty to forty tons burthen, and manned by four, five or six men each. In 1688, there was only one ship, her tonnage being one hundred and thirty tons. In 1698, Salem had on the water one ship of eighty tons and another of two-hundred, one bark, three sloops and twenty ketches. Higginson wrote of the trade here in 1700 as follows: "Dry, merchantable codfish for the markets of Spain, Portugal and the Strait, refuse fish, lumber, horses and, provisions for the West Indies. Returns made directly to England are sugar, molasses, cotton, wool, logwood and Brasiletto-wood, for which we depend on the West Indies. Our own produce, a considerable quantity of whale and fish-oil, whalebone, furs, deer, elk, and bearskins are annually sent to England. We have much shipping here and rates are low." Commerce was continued in similar lines and with but little increase to the beginning of the revolution. With the exception of Boston and New York, Beverly, Marblehead and Salem were the principal commercial ports of the province, having most of the shipping. The patriots of the colonies, without ships of war, found themselves at issue with the most powerful maritime nation of the world. Boston and New York were occupied and crippled by the enemy, and the success of the American was early believed to lie in the hands of the patriotic merchants of Salem bay. About the Publisher Forgotten Books publishes hundreds of thousands of rare and classic books. Find more at www.forgottenbooks.com This book is a reproduction of an important historical work. Forgotten Books uses state-of-the-art technology to digitally reconstruct the work, preserving the original format whilst repairing imperfections present in the aged copy. In rare cases, an imperfection in the original, such as a blemish or missing page, may be replicated in our edition. We do, however, repair the vast majority of imperfections successfully- any imperfections that remain are intentionally left to preserve the state of such historical works.

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Author : Unknown Author
Publisher : Forgotten Books
Data Published : 27 September 2015
ISBN : 1331083907
EAN : 9781331083900
Format Book : PDF, Epub, DOCx, TXT
Number of Pages : 480 pages
Age + : 15 years
Language : English
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