The South Pacific and New Guinea PDF ePub eBook

Books Info:

The South Pacific and New Guinea free pdf Excerpt from The South Pacific and New Guinea: Past and Present- With Notes on the Hervey Group, an Illustrative Song and Various Myths The true coral islands, or atolls, are very unattractive, rising only 10 or 15 ft. above high-water mark. The soil consists merely of sand and broken coral, washed on to the reefs by Old Ocean. In this wretched soil grow luxuriantly the coco-nut palm, the screw pine, Cordia Hernandia, Calophyllum inophyllum, with a few other lofty forest trees and low shrubs. Seagoing canoes, carefully preserved from generation to generation, are made out of the Cordia, the wood of the Calophyllum being too hard to be hollowed out with their ancient shell adzes. So poor is the vegetation of these atolls that not more than fifty species of plants have been found in the Tokelau, Ellice, and Gilbert Groups. All the species consist of littoral plants found on the volcanic islands. The fauna of these atolls consists chiefly of a few birds, lizards, small brown rats, and insects. On approaching one of them, the eye rests upon a forest of coco-nut palms rising apparently out of the ocean- so abundantly does this invaluable palm - the staff of life to thousauds of Polynesians - grow on these tropical sand-banks, the roots (in many instances) layed by the sea. In three atolls known to me, the lagoons are of fresh water, thereby enabling the inhabitants to cultivate successfully the food-plants of the volcanic islands. The singular circumstance of a large body of fresh water, marked off from the ocean by only half-a-mile of coral reef, may be thus accounted for- these atolls are believed to be situated over the craters of former volcanoes, and there must be a submarine connection between them and some of the volcanic islands where mountain streams are abundant. These atolls suffer much from drought. I have known a drought on one of them (Arorae) to last for eight years. On these atolls the natives obtain brackish water by digging in the sand and coral. The water (misnamed "milk") of the coco-nut is therefore highly valued. Happily, the lagoons and surrounding ocean are alive with fish easily caught. As, however, experience proves that it is impossible to sustain life for any length of time on fish only, in times of drought and consequent famine, the natives fell coco-nut palms and eat the crown, which is very palatable. Even the green fronds and roots are pounded and the sap eagerly sucked, in order to counteract the evils resulting from an exclusively fish diet. As might be expected, the natives of Arorae were mere skeletons, and their naturally dark-brown skin became almost black. On a subsequent visit, when abundant rains had fallen, I was glad to see the natural colour restored to their (comparatively) plump bodies. Several elevated coral islands are found in the South Pacific. Evidently they have been lifted up by successive stages and sudden movements. The islands of Mare, Lifu, Uvea, Niue,

About William Wyatt Gill

However, right now we can't provide you with info on this Writer William Wyatt Gill. However doesn't mean that people do not work to be with her series. In addition we consult you assist us with this subject. When you have leisure time and desire will immensely enjoy should you tell us your data. Any time having these kinds of suggestions and data via users about the The South Pacific and New Guinea Founder William Wyatt Gill, we all first the girl verify. When we all make certain that just about all correct, merely post this. Many of us appreciate this help and also many thanks in advance.

Details Book

Author : William Wyatt Gill
Publisher : Forgotten Books
Data Published : 27 September 2015
ISBN : 1330348605
EAN : 9781330348604
Format Book : PDF, Epub, DOCx, TXT
Number of Pages : 44 pages
Age + : 15 years
Language : English
Rating :

Reviews The South Pacific and New Guinea



17 Comments Add a comment




Related eBooks Download


  • Architecture in the South Pacific free pdfArchitecture in the South Pacific

    Architecture in the South Pacific: The Ocean of Islands recounts the recent developments of the South Pacific and its fascinating architecture. This volume traces the European architectural overlay onto this scattered group of islands as well as the transition of these same islands towards a regional identity that has been fashioned by the remoteness of each location..


  • The Coral Battleground free pdfThe Coral Battleground

    The Great Barrier Reef lies off the coast of Queensland: 2000 kilometres of spectacular coral reefs. sand cays and islands. Australia's most precious marine possession. Teeming with life..


  • Coral Battleground free pdfCoral Battleground

    The Great Barrier Reef lies off the coast of Queensland: 2000 kilometres of spectacular coral reefs. sand cays and islands. Australia's most precious marine possession. Teeming with life. it covers 350..


  • Butterflies of the South Pacific free pdfButterflies of the South Pacific

    The South Pacific is a vast expanse of ocean - over 50 million km - with tiny scattered islands and island groups. From Kiribati. Tuvalu and Fiji in the west. to the far-flung Marquesas and Austral Islands in French Polynesia in the east..


  • Butterflies of the South Pacific free pdfButterflies of the South Pacific

    The South Pacific is a vast expanse of ocean - over 50 million km - with tiny scattered islands and island groups. From Kiribati. Tuvalu and Fiji in the west. to the far-flung Marquesas and Austral Islands in French Polynesia in the east..


  • The South Pacific and New Guinea free pdfThe South Pacific and New Guinea

    Ebook Free Download Sites. Excerpt from The South Pacific and New Guinea: Past and Present- With Notes on the Hervey Group, an Illustrative Song and Various Myths The true coral islands, or atolls, ar